Amebiasis is a kind of a parasitic infection of the intestines that is mainly caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytic. The symptoms of this infection include loose stool, abdominal cramping, and stomach pain. But do you know what the risk factors that cause this infection? Amebiasis is a common problem that causes where there is underdeveloped sanitation. Besides, the disease is common in the Indian subcontinent. People who live in poor sanitary conditions are mainly susceptible to Amebiasis disease. Besides, people with compromised immune systems also experience this disease.
The single-celled protozoan easily enters the human body through food or water. Consumption of contaminated water is a significant reason for the cause of this disease. Besides this, the protozoa can also enter to the body if you get direct contact with fecal matter. It is the inactive form of the parasite that is present in soil, fertilizer and makes soil contaminated. Thus, it is the food handlers that can transmit the cysts while preparing or handling food.
Now, when the cysts enter the body through different sources, it lodges in the digestive tract and releases an invasive called a trophozoite. This parasite starts reproducing in the digestive tract and starts migrating to the large intestine. As a result, the person might start experiencing colitis, bloody diarrhea and even the destruction of tissue. Not only, other people can also get affected by this disease and this is when the infected person releases new cysts into the environment by infected feces.
Symptoms and Prevention of Amebiasis
If a person is infected with this disease he/she can experience the symptoms like loose stools and stomach cramping. Besides, if the parasite gets breached into the intestinal walls, it can enter the bloodstream and then travel to the various internal organ and can end up infecting your liver, heart, lungs, brain and other organs as well. Moreover, if it enters in an internal organ, it can cause Abscesses infections, severe illness and sometimes death as well. You can experience amebic dysentery as well, which is a more dangerous form of amebiasis, where the infected person experiences frequent watery and bloody stools simultaneously severe stomach cramping.
Thus, in order to ensure that you do not fall prey to this disease, you should stay in proper sanitation and follow cleanliness. The next thing you need to do is to drink fresh food and stay away from drinking contaminated water as well. Make no mistake, get a water purifier today and drink purified water to avoid waterborne diseases. Besides also make sure that you do not eat uncooked vegetables or uncleaned fruits.