Cholera: Symptoms, Prevention and Cure

Cholera is the most common disease that is caused due to the consumption of contaminated water. Cholera is a severe intestine affecting disease, where the lower part of bowel effects the most. The sign of cholera is diarrhea, where the patient experiences frequent stools that are loose, watery and even accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The affected person also experiences severe cramps in the stomach and even feels thirsty due to dehydration.

In such condition, the body seems to be colder and the skin becomes dry, wrinkled and purpled. A person who is suffering from Cholera experiences decreased in the level of blood pressure and cramps are to be unbearable. The germs that cause this disease is known as Vibrio cholerae and it can be spread by flies and due to water contamination that contains the mentioned germ. According to the WHO report around 21,000 to 143,000 death occur globally due to cholera every year.

What causes Cholera?

Cholera is caused by bacterium Vibrio cholera, which is usually found in food and water that has been contaminated by feces of an infected person. When a person consumes the contaminated food or water, the bacteria release the toxin in the intestine to produce a large number of fluids resulting in profuse diarrhea and vomiting. The loss of fluids is so rapid that the patient can quickly become severely dehydrated and may die within a few hours if not properly treated.


Symptoms of Cholera

Cholera which becomes severe is being presented differently and its keystone symptom is Diarrhoea. When the people get severely affected due to cholera, he/she would experience “rice water stools”, which is not similar to normal Diarrhoea. Symptoms of cholera can be shown within a couple of the hour after the infection or it may take up to 4-5 days. Cholera infections are often mild without symptoms but sometimes it be can be fatal. Signs and symptoms of dehydration can be seen when a person becomes severe cholera victims.

Lethargy, tachycardia, vomiting, dry eyes, dry mouth, reduced or no urine, are some of the symptoms. Dehydration can also cause an imbalance of electrolyte and during this period you can experience leg and muscle cramps.

Some other symptoms of Cholera include:

  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Muscle cramps
  • Low blood pressure
  • Rapid heart
  • Sunken eyes
  • Loss of skin elasticity

If you experience such symptoms of cholera you should immediately consult to a doctor. Doctor after examining the stool sample and the condition of the patient would prescribe suitable medicine for recovery.


Treatment of Cholera

Treatment of cholera should be done immediately as soon as the diseases get detected because due to dehydration, the affected patient can experience weakness and this can lead to death within an hour. Cholera can be treated by replacing the fluids and salts that get lost due to diarrhea and vomiting. If there would be chances of severe dehydration then these fluids need to replace intravenously. Antibiotics & zinc supplements are also given in treating the cholera diseases. Centres for diseases control and prevention recommends rehydration with ORS fluids, which should be given to the affected person as the primary treatment for cholera.

Home Remedies to Treat Cholera

It is said that if anyone is detected with Cholera, he/she should directly visit a doctor and get proper remedies for the same diseases. But, if the symptom is not that serious, you can opt for home remedies that can the first-hand treatment that you can give to the affected people.

Some of the home remedies that you can opt for are:

Home Remedies for Cholera

  • Lemon: Lemon is rich in Vitamin C and taking lemon is the best way to treat cholera as this can helps in killing cholera bacilli. Lemon also has antibacterial properties, which would assist in destroying the harmful bacteria in the intestine that causes cholera.
  • Ginger: Ginger has an antibiotic effect in it and it can fight against the infections of cholera. Taking ginger can help in getting rid of diarrhea, stomach cramps, and some abdominal pain. Just make a small piece of ginger and add a teaspoon of honey into it, mix them well and drink it.
  • Guava Root Bark: Guava root bark is rich in tannins and you can use it to treat cholera. You need to just add guava root bark in water and preparing a concentrated decoction. Taking it would help you reduce vomiting and symptoms of diarrhoea that you are facing due to the infection of Cholera.
  • Onion: One of the home remedies for cholera is Onion. Yes, onion is rich in antibacterial, antibiotic and antiseptic properties that can act as medicine. Taking onion can help to relieve the symptoms of dry mouth, thirst, and restlessness.
  • Turmeric: Turmeric is also a home remedy to treat diarrhea. This is one of the best treatment for cholera. Just soak 1 tablespoon of raw turmeric root pieces in lemon juice and keep it for about 2 hours and then remove the turmeric pieces and dry them off in the sun. After this, you need to grind them into powder and add ¼ teaspoon of powder and a little amount of honey to a cup of hot water. Just drink them twice a day and you will feel relief from diarrhea.

Prevention of Cholera

We can protect us from cholera by taking some precaution which is as follows:

  • Drink only safe and pure water.
  • Avoid consumption of undercooked food and seafood.
  • Wash hands with soap and clean water.
  • Use clean and purified water for cooking and washing fruits and vegetables.

Water plays an important role in spreading this life threatening disease and the same can act as prevention of cholera. But, it would depend upon the consumption of pure and safe water. Pure and safe water is hard to find these days as the supplied treated water also contains impurities in it. So, if you want to protect yourself from this disease start drinking filtered water. Bring the best water purifier now and keep yourself safe from Cholera.

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Also read about Water Borne Disease 

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