Diarrhea: Common Causes Treatment & Preventions

Globally Diarrhea is one of the main reason for children deaths. According to the latest assessment of Health Ministry, around 328 Children die due to diarrhea every day. The primary reason for this is ingestion of contaminated water and food.

It is a condition which everyone is familiar with. The passing of watery stools that occurs three of more times a day is termed as Diarrhea. However, It should not be confused with the frequent passing of stool of normal consistency.

Diarrhea that lasts less than 2 weeks is termed as acute diarrhea. Persistent Diarrhea lasts between 2 and 4 weeks. Chronic Diarrhea lasts longer than 4 weeks.

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Symptoms of Diarrhea

It itself is a symptom of passing watery stools three or four times a day. Associated symptoms of diarrhea are also mentioned below:

diarrhea-symptoms

Causes of Diarrhoea 

diarrhoea

Diarrhea usually occurs when fluid cannot be absorbed from the contents of your bowel, or when extra fluid is secreted into your bowel, causing watery stools. It is caused by the germs, bacteria, and viruses present in the contaminated water or food.

Treatment of Diarrhoea

diarrhea-treatment

The most important part of treating diarrhea includes avoiding dehydration, which can be done by replacing the lost fluids. Children should be given Oral Rehydration Solution to replace the lost fluids. In India, only 54.4% children suffering from Diarrhoea receive ORS. Therefore, children are at high risk of getting the infection.

 Adults should drink plenty of pure water and fruit juices. Milk and dairy product should be avoided for at least 1-2 days as they can make diarrhea even worse.

Since it is very important to drink purified water to reduce the chances of infection.Therefore, introducing a water purifier in your home is a necessary step to prevent the spread of diarrhea. The water we drink must be free from all harmful impurities to reduce the chances of infection. Kent RO systems are one of the most trusted brands in India because it provides 100% purified water and give complete protection from the harmful impurities.

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In most of the cases, diarrhea goes away on its own within 48 hours. If your Diarrhoea is not improved by self-care measures then you need further treatment.

In the case of chronic diarrhea which can be fatal sometimes, one should consult the doctor and proper treatment should be done.

WHO and UNICEF recommend Zinc Supplementation with a daily dose of 10-20 milligrams for children with acute diarrhea.

Diarrhea Prevention

Diarrhea prevention by drinking pure water

The primary diarrhea prevention is the use of safe and pure water. Therefore, you should always maintain a high standard of hygiene. Other ways of preventing the spread of virus and bacteria which are the causes of this disease  are mentioned below:

  • Avoid eating raw or undercooked food or seafood
  • Always wash hand thoroughly with soap and water after using the toilet and before eating or preparing food
  • Avoid ice made up of tap water
  • Eat food that has been thoroughly cooked and is served piping  hot
  • Avoid sharing towels and utensils with others

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