How Drinking Impure Water Can Cause Water-borne Diseases?


Water has a huge contribution towards health and a good health is the ultimate essence of development. This is why developing countries ensure towards improving water management so that people can drink safe water and stay healthy. It is due to the water-related diseases that more than 3.4 million people (mostly children) die annually.

Waterborne diseases mainly result due to the consumption of contaminated food and water. Large waterborne outbreak results in different illness that are caused by viruses like Campylobacter jejuni, E. coli, Salmonella Typhi, typhoid Salmonella, hepatitis A, norovirus, and many others. Most of the mentioned illnesses can be prevented through simple and inexpensive measures that are eating fresh food and drinking purified water.

Water Quality Report

You may have many-a-times studied that people get affected by Typhoid, Diarrhoea, Hepatitis and other diseases. All these are caused due to the consumption of impure water/water that contains pathogens. A report once stated by the United Nations says that each year more than 3 million people around the world die due to water-related diseases and that includes 1.2 million children.

In the same report, it has been stated that in India over one lakh people die due to water-borne diseases annually. In India, groundwater in one-third of India’s 600 districts counts unfit for drinking as it contains a concentration of fluoride, iron, arsenic and other impurities in it. A World Resources Report also stated that about 70% of India’s water supply gets seriously polluted due to the sewage effluents. India ranks 120th among 122 nations in terms of quality of water that is available for the people for consumption.

Water-borne diseases like cholera, gastroenteritis, and diarrhea erupt every year during summer and rainy seasons in India due to poor quality drinking water and sanitation.

Most Affected States with Waterborne Diseases

Every year number of cases and deaths are reported due to major water-borne diseases like Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases, Typhoid, Viral Hepatitis, Cholera and many others. In this concern, Press Information Bureau has listed a detail on a number of cases and deaths that each state has experienced.

  • In the year 2011, 2012 and 2013, West Bengal was the state that has experience a large number of death cases due to due to Acute Diarrhoeal Diseases.
  • Typhoid fever has affected the people of Odisha in the year 2011 and 2012, Uttar Pradesh in the year 2013.
  • Viral Hepatitis is another disease that has largely affected the people of West Bengal in the year 2011 & 2012 and Delhi in the year 2013


All these diseases are caused due to the consumption of contaminated water. Provision of drinking safe and clean water is the main strategy to reduce the number of water-borne diseases. Keeping this in mind, National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) always work towards providing safe and adequate drinking water supply facilities to the people of the county. If safe drinking water can overcome all the waterborne diseases, then the easiest and the simplest solution would be to drink the water after getting it filtered. Get a water filter and ensure to consume the water after getting it filtered.


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