Giardia: An Intestinal Infection Caused by Drinking Contaminated Water


Giardia is a kind of protozoan parasites that holds the characteristics to colonize and reproduce in the small intestines thereby causing Giardiasis. It is an infection in your small intestine that is caused by the microscopic parasite called Giardia lamblia. Giardiasis is spread through the contact with the infected people. You can also get giardiasis by eating contaminated food or even by drinking contaminated water. So, make sure to eat fresh and drink filtered water. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this is a common intestinal infection that many people faces. However, it’s more common in overcrowded developing countries that lack sanitary conditions and water quality control.

What are the causes of Giardiasis?

Giardia lamblia is a parasite that is found in animal and human feces. These parasites can be born in contaminated food and water and by any means or accidentally if you consume these parasites, it can lead to an intestinal infection. The most common way that people get affected to this is by drinking contaminated water. Besides, poor hygiene condition while eating food can also be the reason of this illness.

Giardiasis disease can also be spread through a personal contact who is already being infected. Children can also be at high risk to fall prey to this disease. They can likely to encounter feces when they wear diapers or potty training. While changing a child’s diaper you can also pick up the parasite and this can be the common way to become infected.

Some of the Symptoms and precautions of Giardia


People those who are affected by giardia parasites they might experience few symptoms and these include fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, vomiting, weight loss, headaches, abdominal pain and many other. If you are affected with this disease, you need to go to a doctor so that you get treated. But, to ensure that you don’t get affected with Giardia, you can follow few precautions and these are mentioned below:

  • You should drink water that is supplied to you after being treated in established treatment facilities. Besides, if you have any doubt about the treatment of water, you can boil it. Another thing you can do is to get an RO water purifier and drink filtered water and stay protected from waterborne diseases.
  • Avoid drinking water from freshwater streams or lakes as you may get affected by giardia parasite.
  • Never ever eat uncooked or unpeeled fruits or vegetables
  • Make sure that you wash your hands before eating food

The Bottom Line

Drinking water that is untreated can cause serious harm to your body. Drinking contaminated water that contains giardia parasite can lead to intestinal infection and you can get affected to Giardia. So, the best option is to either drinking treated water or get the water filtered by using a water purifier.

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