Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that is caused by parasitic protozoans and affects humans and other animals. Malaria causes symptoms like fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches and in some severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma, or sometime death. If malaria is not properly treated, it may returns after few months later and that can usually cause milder symptoms. Malaria is a life-threatening disease that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. The disease is preventable and curable. So, this World Malaria Day, 2018, get ready to fight with it.
Know More About Malaria
Malaria is an acute febrile illness and the symptoms usually appear 10–15 days after the infective mosquito bite you. You would experience the first symptoms as fever, headache, and chills. Children those who fall prey to this disease frequently develop symptoms like severe anaemia, respiratory distress or cerebral malaria. There are more than 400 different species of Anopheles mosquito and around 30 are malaria vectors. All of these important species bite between dusk and dawn and the intensity of the transmission of disease totally depends on the factors related to the vector, the human host, and even the environment. This year the theme of World Malaria Day is “Ready to Beat Malaria” and in order to defeat malaria, you need to follow few measures.
Preventive Measures to Reduce Malaria Transmission
If you want to reduce malaria transmission, you should follow few steps like using insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor residual spraying. Staying inside the mosquito net will let you stay away from the risk of getting bitten from anopheles. On the other hand Indoor residual spraying (IRS) with insecticides is also a powerful way to rapidly reduce malaria transmission. Indoor spraying is very effective way to protect the population for the entire malaria season.
You can also use antimalarial medicines in order to stay protected from malaria. Malaria can be prevented by taking chemoprophylaxis, which can suppress the blood stage of malaria infections and helps in preventing malaria disease.
What to do in order to prevent bites of mosquitoes?
There are many other things that you can do in order to stay protected from the bites of mosquitoes and these are mentioned below:
- Make sure to stay somewhere that has effective air conditioning and screening on doors and windows.
- Ensure that doors and windows are closed properly
- Try to sleep under an intact mosquito net as this will keep you protected from malaria
- Use insect repellent on your skin. The most effective repellents are available in sprays, roll-ons, sticks and creams.
The Bottom Line
Come together this World Malaria Day to fight against this waterborne disease and complete the WHO Global Technical Strategy. The strategy is about reducing malaria case by at least 90% by 2030 and even reducing malaria morality rates by at least 90% by 2030. Moreover, just follow the above mentioned points to ensure that you remain protected from mosquito bites.